广告栏目

你现在的位置: > 66 >

强调句型和高考



文章发布时间:2015/5/28 23:07:25



钩针创作----“时尚居家饰物”家常酸菜鱼的做法攻略手工玩偶:袜子“鸵鸟”(大师班)做人与做官【79个美食视频】海带相关视频04

蕙兰催花技术措施艾三字经梦未空,总伤情洋葱的另类用途男淫女淫们,你是否觉得心里一震鎬庝箞鏍峰煿鍏昏嚜宸辩嫭褰撲竴闈㈢殑鑳藉姏锛?涓栫晫涓婃渶钁楀悕鐨勪節涓編濂抽棿璋?GalaxyNexus的sdcard中的.profig.os文件是做什么用的?中国“银发产业”【图】太美了!美玉欣赏1瑙︾洰鎯婂績涓浗浜鸿繕鑳藉悆浠€涔?鍥?蓝天依然是我永恒的眷恋现在手上有goagent,需要用什么方法能够快速下载国外文件?优雅而伤感的句子泪却随微笑流出眼眶人生就是得失的过程,在得失中把握机会,不断成长哲理人生之言科普帖~各种水果的正确吃法~山竹,樱桃,芒果,西瓜,桃子,葡萄,猕猴桃哪样是你最爱?(via沪江网)中日韩政府“三公消费”大对比:刺激太大官员不宜PS高品质自然精致的肌肤润饰方法教程桑兰一个人的战争对于一个生活在男生很多,女生很少得环境里,女生得心里到底是怎么想的?太阳的味道离别的时候爱上你16五色食品五行相生调和五脏你最推崇的世界著名产品设计师是谁?为什么?

同赏共品——故事里的成功哲理(精美图文)春天,我不曾将你忽略【美文欣赏】正己律人你最推崇的世界著名产品设计师是谁?为什么?

[转载]强调句型和高考

强调句型是高考范围的语法项目,更是命题者的青睐,下面结合几年的高考题作一阐述。

一、句型特征及含义

It + be的适当形式+ 被强调部分+ that / who + 其他

注:be前可加上may/might/must等情态动词。

It may be at the party that Tom knew her.

It must be John that/who will take part in the contest on behalf of our class.

翻译时常加上“正是…… ; 就是…… ”等字眼,以突出其强调的含义。

二、强调角度及运用

1. 在强调句中含有not until 句型时,用下列句型:

It was not until + 短语/句子 + that ….. that后的句子要用肯定句,且须用陈述语序。

①It was not until 250 years later that they formed a single state.

②It was not until he realized it that I told him.

③It was not until midnight      they reached the camp site.

   A. that        B. when        C. while       D. as

④ It was not until this moment when I considered myself truly different that my writing acquired a voice. 正是当我考虑到自己真正与别人不同时,我才获得了写作的灵感。

⑤ It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I recognized she was a famous film star.

⑥It is ________that I left for Qingdao.

A. until he came back       B. not until he came back

C. that he came back       D. not that he came back(key: B)

此题的命题构思是这样的:

I didn’t leave for Qingdao until he came.

Not until he came did I leave for Qingdao.

It is not until he came back that I left for Qingdao.

2. 强调主语:① It’s actually the simpler uses of a camera phone ______ the most interesting. They could make photographers of us all!

A. that are     B. which are      C. that is      D. which is

(主语是the simpler uses, 是复数,所以要特别小心。)

② _____ is it _____ has made Tom _____ he is today?

A. What, that , that     B. That, that, what

C. What, what, that    D. What, that, what      (AD)

3. 强调状语从句:

① It was ______ my teacher worked _______ I work hard.

A. where; that      B. where; where

C. that ; that       D. that; where (key: A)

(该句原为一个带地点状语从句的主从复合句:I work hard where my teacher worked. 状语从句一经被强调,此句即显得复杂。必须要有还原的本领。要领就是去掉It was that这三个词即可。)

②It was ______ the teacher lectured in class _______ that student spoke loudly.

A. when, that    B. when, when

C. that , that     D. that, when(key: A)

③强调原因状语时,只能用because, 不用as, since, for等。

It was because I could speak English that I got the job.

It was because he was ill that he was absent.

It was because Li Ping was ill that she didn’t come to school last week.

4. 强调含有定语从句的主语、宾语或状语。

It was in the factory where I workedthat/ which I visited that I met my old friend.

Was it at the school which was named after a hero that he spent his childhood?

5. 强调含有not…but..; not only…, but also…;either …or…; neither…nor…; as well as ;  等词组所构成的句子。

①And I think it is not only what we “look at once, in childhood” that determines our memories, but who, in that childhood, looks at us.(2008浙江完型)

②Between the two generations, it is often not their age, _________ their education that causes misunderstanding.(07全国Ⅰ)

A. like         B. as          C. or        D. but

③It was neither you nor he that is willing to go to the Great Wall.

④It was he as well as his classmates who has ever been to Suzhou.

6. 强调句型与定语从句的关系: ① It is the very place _______ the anti-Japanese soldiers fought over sixty years ago.

A. which    B. that    C. where   D. there

② It is in the very place ______the anti-Japanese soldiers fought over sixty years ago.

A. which    B. that    C. where    D. there

③. It is on a winter night _______ his wife left him without

saying goodbye.

A. which    B. that     C. when    D. in which

④ It is a winter night _______ his wife left him without saying goodbye.

A. which     B. that    C. when    D. in which  (key: CBBC)

7. 疑问句形式

Was ______student ______was caught smoking in the classroom?

A. it that, that      B. that it, it  C. it it, that        D. it which, that (key: A)

①. ________ he got up?

A. When was that it   B. Was it when that

C. When was it that   D. Was that when it (key: C)

②. Where is it that he picked the wallet?

③. What was it that he did?

④. Who was it that he taught?

⑤. Which/Whose student is it that you referred to?

I don’t know _______ that you stay here.

A. how long it is        B. how long is it

C. it is how long        D. is it how long(key: A)

 

三、相似句型与异同

1. 区别强调句型与定语从句:

  It is in the place that he was born. (强调句型)

  It is the place that/ which he was born in.(定从)

It is the place in which/where he was born.(定从)

2. 区别强调句型与同位语从句

 It is a fact that he has lost the game by one score. (同位语从句)

 It is the fact that has made us unhappy.

3. 区别强调句型与since句型

 It was ten years ago that I began to learn English.

 It is ten years since I began to learn English.

Is it a long time _______ his father left home?

A. since       B. that     C. when     D. what

       比较:Was it a long time ago that his father left home?

It is hours that he spends on English every day.(用一般现在时)

That was really a splendid evening. It' s years ____ I enjoyed myself so much. (安徽 05)

A. when    B. that   C. before   D. since

4. 区别强调句型与before句型

 It was ten years before he came back from abroad.

 It was ten years later that he came back from abroad.

--- How long do you think it will be ______ China sends a manned spaceship to the moon?

 --- Perhaps two or three years.  (06福建)

A. when    B. until   C. that   D. before

5. 区别强调句型与when +状从

 It was 3 hours ago that he left.

 It was 3 o’clock when he left.

It was four o’clock in the afternoon when he and his grandfather reached the museum in Guanghan, where an official warmly received them.

—Did Jack come back early last night?

 —Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock ____ he arrived home. (福建05 )

A. before    B. when    C. that     D. until

用that, since, when, before 填空:

It was 7 days before he realized that the accident had happened.

It was Sunday when the accident happened.

It was 7 days ago that the accident happened.

It is 7 days since the accident happened.

【典型例题】

1. ____ that caused him to serve dinner an hour later than usual.

A. It was we being late               B. It was our being late

C. It was we were too late             D. It was because we were late

2. “How was ______ they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?” “Totally by chance.”

A. it that                       B. he that

C. it when                      D. he which

3. _____ was very ______ that little Jim wrote the letter.

A. It, careful                 B. It, carefully

C. He, careful                D. He, carefully

4. “Where did you find the professor who made the speech yesterday?” “It was in the hall ______ the students often have a meeting.”

A. where                       B. which

C. that                         D. when

分析:假若选C,即有 It was in the hall that the students often have a meeting,该句的意思是“学生们通常是在大厅开会”,单独看这一句,无论是其意思还是其语法均未错,但若将其与上文联系起来看,则不通,因为上文的意思是“你是在哪儿找到昨天作报告的那位教授的?”假若将答句改为 It was in the hall that I found the professor,则完全可以。

其实,此题的最佳答案是A,where the students often have a meeting 为定语从句,用以修饰其前的名词 the hall,句意为“是在学生们经常开会的那个大厅(找到教授的)”,这样语意就通顺了。

---Where did you get to know her?

--- It was in the farm ___ we worked.

A. that (选A答非所问)    B. there     C. which    D. where

5. It was what he meant rather than what he said ______ annoyed me.

A. which          B. as      C. what           D. that

句意为“让我生气的不是他说的话,而是他话中的意思”。

6. It was in the small house ______ was built with stones by his father ______ he spent his childhood.

A. which, that                 B. that, which

C. which, which               D. that, where

7. Was it five o’clock ______the fire broke out?

A. when       B. that     C. which          D. in which

8. “Was it under the tree _____ you were away talking to a friend?” “Sure. But when I got back there, the bike was gone.

A. that        B. where     C. which       D. while

9. It’s more than half a century _____ my grandfather joined the Party and became a servant to the people.

A. when        B. that      C. since        D. while

10. It was lack of money, not of effort, _____ defeated their plan.

A. which         B. as    C. that        D. what

11.—Who are making so much noise in the garden?

—_______ the children.

A. It is          B. They are  C. That is        D. There are

谁在花园里发出这么大的声音?是孩子们发出的。(回答为强调句型在具体语境中的省略,其完整形式应是:It is the children who / that are making so much noise in the garden. 不能用They are.

12. It is _______ he often fails in exams ______ makes his parents worried about him.

A. what; that        B. that; what    C. that; that        D. / ; that

13. It is the protection for the trees _______ really matters, rather than how many trees are planted.

A. what         B. that    C. 不填         D. which

14. It is _____ my father worked _____ I work now.

A. where, that       B. where, when   C. that, where       D. that, that

15. Was _____ that I saw last night at the concert?

A. it you         B. not you    C. you           D. that you

16. It was ten o’clock _____ he came back home.

A. when       B. that     C. since       D. after

17. It was not until he came back _____ he knew the police were looking for him.

A. which         B. since      C. that         D. before

  小练: (疑似强调还原看)

1.It ______ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _____ found we had a lot in common.

A. was until; when     B. was until; that

C. wasn’t until; when   D. wasn’t until; that

2. It was after he got what he had desired _______ he realized it was not so important.

A. that      B. when      C. since     D. as

3. --- Did Jack come back early last night?

  --- Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock ____ he arrived home.

  A. before      B. when     C. that     D. until

4. ____ is no possibility ____ Bob can win the first prize in the match.

  A. There; that    B. It; that    C. There; whether     D. It; whether

5. Was it ____ the professor regarded as the brightest ones?

   A. them that    B. they that   C. them which    D. they whom

6. ____ you were born?

  A. Was it where that      B. It was where that

   C. Where it was that     D. Where was it that

7. ______ she realized it was too late to go home. How hardworking she was!

 A. It was not until dark that       B. Hardly did it grow dark when

 C. No sooner it grew dark than     D. Scarcely had it grown dark than

8. It was evening ____ we reached the little town of Winchester.

 A. that    B. until     C. since     D. before

9. It was in 1949 ____ the People’s Republic of China was found.

 A. that   B. when    C. in which     D. which

10. It wasn’t until nearly a month later ___ I received the manager’s reply.

  A. since     B. when     C. as    D. that

      (答案: DABAA    DADAD)


洋槐花香于其超《 人民日报 》( 2012年05月19日 08 版)  北方的树,花最香的我以为莫过洋槐花了。  洋槐树每年清明节后开花,五一节小长假之时,也正是洋槐花盛开之时。你看吧,村外沟坡上或沿河堤两旁那些不经常被人关注到的地方——也正是洋槐树丛生的地方,远看像一片片白茫茫的烟雾,近看繁花似锦、云蒸霞蔚,这是洋槐花盛开了。看到这盛景,不由你不驻足仰望,不由你不绽放笑颜。微风拂来,香气透人

甜橙巧克力杏仁蛋糕 关于甜橙巧克力杏仁蛋糕相信很多人想知道是怎么做的吧,下面就让我告诉大家。 甜橙巧克力杏仁蛋糕 方子参照君之的【浓郁巧克力榛子蛋糕】稍有改动。味道很浓郁,口感丝滑,但是甜橙味道较浓,rum味道没有很好的体现出来 甜橙巧克力杏仁蛋糕的材料 杏仁片50克,黄油100克,lindt甜橙巧克力65克,lind



新闻大连播版权所有
不存在相应的目录